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Lesson 2: First Sentences

Description:

In this lesson we talk about a very simple sentence pattern that is very similar to English. We'll also cover negating verbs and asking questions.

Lesson 2 PDF
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NEW! Watch the Video for this lesson!

 

Grammar Notes:

The basic sentence structure for Thai Language is very similar to English. Both languages use a sentence pattern of:

Subject + Verb + Object
Asking a question in Thai is often quite easy. It is done by just adding the word  mái  to the end of the sentence. This word can be translated as "or not?".

A similar word to  mái  is  mâi  which means "not" and is used to make a verb negative. Be careful with these two words! As you can see they have a different tone mark ( mái  vs  mâi ) and are spelled very differently in Thai script.

Compare the sentences below to see how the subject-verb-object pattern works in Thai, and also how to use "not" to negate a verb and "or not?" to ask a question. Also note the use of    and    depending on whether or not the sentence is a question.

they have a pen
pôo.ak kǒw mee þàhk-gah  kâ / kráp 
lit: they have pen (polite ending)

F

M
do they have a pen ?
pôo.ak kǒw mee þàhk-gah mái  ká / kráp 
lit: they have pen or not? (polite ending)

F

M
they do not have a pen
pôo.ak kǒw mâi mee þàhk-gah  kâ / kráp 
lit: they not have pen (polite ending)

F

M
As one final note, also notice in the above sentences that Thai Language does not have any articles (a, an, or the) before the nouns. You can practice these sentences in the "Sentence Builder" tab at the top of this page.
 

Word List:

EnglishPhoneticAudioThai
we pôo.ak row พวกเรา
or not? mái ไหม
not mâi ไม่
pencil din-sǎw ดินสอ
pen þàhk-gah ปากกา
want ow เอา
have mee มี
she teu เธอ
he kǒw เขา
they pôo.ak kǒw พวกเขา
 

Sample Sentences:

These sentences are based on the patterns described in the
Grammar section. Click here to see slightly different versions.
kun mee din-sǎw kráp
คุณ มี ดินสอ ครับ
you have a pencil (male speaker)

dì-chǎn mâi mee þàhk-gah kâ
ดิฉัน ไม่ มี ปากกา ค่ะ
I (f.) do not have a pen (female speaker)

dì-chǎn mee þàhk-gah mái ká
ดิฉัน มี ปากกา ไหม คะ
do I (f.) have a pen ? (female speaker)

 
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